Everybody knows about life insurance, and disability insurance covers millions through corporate plans. Health insurance is always in the news thanks to the controversy around the Affordable Care Act.
But what about the forgotten stepchild: Long-Term Care (LTC) insurance? How much do you know about it? How do you know whether you need it or not?
Recently, the Morningstar mutual fund service published an eye-opening blog that provides 75 statistics about LTC coverage, some of which will help people evaluate this often-forgotten piece of their personal risk profile.
For instance: 52.3% of people turning 65 will need long-term care during their lifetimes—meaning either skilled care providers in their homes or, more often, a stay for months or years in a nursing facility. Already, 10% of Americans over age 65, and 38% over age 85, currently have Alzheimer's dementia, which, in its advanced stages, requires round-the-clock care.
But before you buy that policy that will pay for 5 years of assisted living or space in a nursing home, you should know that the average long-term care need for individuals who today are age 65 is 2 years, and only 22% of men will ever need more than one year in a nursing home. The figure rises to 36% for women. There is only a 2% (men) to 7% (women) probability of needing more than five years in a nursing home.
If you self-insure, what kind of costs are you looking at? The median yearly cost for adult day care in the home is $17,680, but that rises to $43,539 a year if you move into an assisted living facility, and you can more than double that cost if you prefer a private room ($92,378). Some places, like Manhattan, cost more: $164,250 for a private room. (These are 2016 costs.)
Why can’t you just move in with your relatives if you begin to experience symptoms of Alzheimer’s or are too frail to get around on your own? The blog cites some statistics: unpaid caregivers (usually family members, usually a daughter) suffer significant financial hardships; their 37 billion hours of unpaid labor cost them $3 trillion in potential earnings, in the most recent year for statistics (2013). 70% of these unpaid caregivers suffered work-related difficulties due to their caregiving duties.
Doesn’t the government pay for many peoples’ LTC expenses? Yes; in fact, 62.3%: of long-term care services and supports are provided through Medicaid—and these payments make up roughly 20% of Medicaid’s total budget. But there’s a catch: there are strict income and asset limits for Medicaid eligibility which vary by state. For example, in New York in 2017 the maximum amount of assets that a healthy spouse can retain for the other spouse to be eligible for long-term care benefits provided by Medicaid is $119,220.
Suppose all of this has convinced you to buy LTC insurance. You should know that there are now fewer than 15 insurers offering standalone long-term care policies, down from 125 back at the turn of the century. (You can find information about long term care insurance and insurers in New York State on this New York State Department of Financial Services website - http://www.dfs.ny.gov/consumer/ltc/ltc_index.htm.)
This article was written by an independent writer for Brewster Financial Planning LLC and is not intended as individualized legal or investment advice, and any opinions expressed are solely those of the writer. Past returns do not guarantee future returns.